Daily Series on the Catechism


Section Two:  The Ten Commandments

Chapter 2:  “You Shall Love Your Neighbor As Yourself”

Article 9,  The Ninth Commandment (cont’d)

In Brief

§ 2528  “Everyone who looks at a woman lustfully has already committed adultery with her in his heart” (Matthew 5:28).

§ 2529  The Ninth Commandment warns against lust or carnal concupiscence [an unholy sexual desire].

§ 2530  The struggle against carnal lust involves purifying the heart and practicing temperance.

§ 2531  Purity of heart will enable us to see God: it enables us even now to see things according to God.

§ 2532  Purification of the heart demands prayer, the practice of chastity, purity of intention and of vision.

§ 2533  Purity of heart requires the modesty which is patience, decency, and discretion. Modesty protects the intimate center of the person.

Article 10,  The Tenth Commandment

  • “You shall not covet…anything that is your neighbor’s…You shall not desire your neighbor’s house, his field, or his manservant, or his maidservant, or his ox, or his ass, or anything that is your neighbor’s” (Exodus 20:17; Deuteronomy 5:21).
  • “For where your treasure is, there will your heart be also” (Mt 6:21).

§ 2534  The Tenth Commandment unfolds and completes the Ninth, which is concerned with concupiscence of the flesh. It forbids coveting the goods of another, as the root of theft, robbery, and fraud, which the Seventh Commandment forbids. “Lust of the eyes” leads to the violence and injustice forbidden by the Fifth Commandment (cf. 1 John 2:16; Micah 2:2). Avarice [greed], like fornication, originates in the idolatry prohibited by the first three prescriptions of the Law [First, Second and Third Commandments] (cf. Wisdom 14:12). The Tenth Commandment concerns the intentions of the heart; with the Ninth, it summarizes all the precepts of the Law.

Tomorrow – The Disorder of Covetous Desires

(Part III, Section 2, Chapter 2, Article 10 – to be continued)

[Editor’s Note:  The abbreviation in today’s posting is noted below.]

  • “cf.” – “confer [compare or refer to]”
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