PART III: LIFE IN CHRIST
Section Two: The Ten Commandments
Chapter 2: “You Shall Love Your Neighbor As Yourself”
Article 7, The Seventh Commandment
II. Respect for Persons and Their Goods (cont’d)
Respect for the integrity of creation
§ 2415 The Seventh Commandment enjoins respect for the integrity of creation. Animals, like plants and inanimate beings, are by nature destined for the common good of past, present, and future humanity (cf. Genesis 1:28-31). Use of the mineral, vegetable, and animal resources of the universe cannot be divorced from respect for moral imperatives. Man’s dominion over inanimate and other living beings granted by the Creator is not absolute; it is limited by concern for the quality of life of his neighbor, including generations to come; it requires a religious respect for the integrity of creation (cf. CA 37-38).
§ 2416 Animals are God’s creatures. He surrounds them with His providential care. By their mere existence, they bless Him and give Him glory (cf. Matthew 6:26; Daniel 3:79-81). Thus men owe them kindness. We should recall the gentleness with which saints like St. Francis of Assisi or St. Philip Neri treated animals.
§ 2417 God entrusted animals to the stewardship of those whom he created in His own Image (cf. Gen 2:19-20; 9:1-4). Hence, it is legitimate to use animals for food and clothing. They may be domesticated to help man in his work and leisure. Medical and scientific experimentation on animals is a morally acceptable practice if it remains within reasonable limits and contributes to caring for or saving human lives.
§ 2418 It is contrary to human dignity to cause animals to suffer or die needlessly. It is likewise unworthy to spend money on them that should as a priority go to the relief of human misery. One can love animals; one should not direct to them the affection due only to persons.
III. The Social Doctrine of the Church
§ 2419 “Christian revelation…promotes deeper understanding of the laws of social living” (GS 23 § 1). The Church receives from the Gospel the full revelation of the truth about man. When she fulfills her mission of proclaiming the Gospel, she bears witness to man, in the Name of Christ, to his dignity and his vocation to the communion of persons. She teaches him the demands of justice and peace in conformity with Divine wisdom.
Tomorrow – The Social Doctrine of the Church (to be continued)
(Part III, Section 2, Chapter 2, Article 7 – to be continued)
[Editor’s Note: The abbreviations in today’s posting are noted below.]
- “CA” – Pope St. John Paul II (May 1991), “Centesimus Annus [Hundredth Year Anniversary of ‘Rerum Novarum’ (Of Revolutionary Change)]”
- “cf.” – “confer ”
- “GS” – “Gaudium et Spes [Joy and Hope]”, Vatican Council II